Sea Pigeon is a distant relative of the fabled Great Auk, one of the most important figures in all of the history of the world, but one about which non-birders know virtually nothing today. Archeologists have uncovered bones of Great Auk in Neanderthal sites in Europe that date back 100,000 years. He is depicted on the walls of Spanish caves that were inhabited 35,000 years ago. Penguin was mistakenly named after his scientific name by early seafarers. Great Auk once numbered in the millions, but the world lost this creature in the nineteenth century due to overhunting. Today, only birders keep his memory alive. The American Ornithologists' Union is named The Auk in his honor.